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The Druidenstein

 

Overview

This rock formation made of Devonian Slate and overlooks the Mosel River across from the town of Moselkern.  This area is connected to the rest of the surrounding hills by a small land bridge, which makes it ideal for a fortified area.  This area contains a hill settlement, which dates back to the period of the late Latène (between 200-100 BC).

 

 

Location

50°11'27.71"N 7°22'27.82"E , Elevation 230 m above sea level

 

Description

 

 This area was surrounded by a wall, which was built in typical celtic fashion constructed with posts that were lowered into the ground, surrounded by dirt and strengthened by horizontally mounted wooden planks.

Several houses built on posts were found within this area and are considered part of the Hunsrück Eifel Culture.  These houses were arranged into small groups and are generally primitive and focused on the mostly agricultural existence of the population.

 

Context

This area was mostly inhabited by the mixed Celtic-Germanic tribe of the Treveri.  This tribe lived along the heights of the Mosel river and were described by Caesar in the Gallic Wars.  The Treveri lived in small communities in Oppida-type arrangements, i.e. within fortified enclosures.  They were mostly dependent on agriculture but were also known to be tradesmen.  The extensive iron trade with the Mediterranean cultures may have contributed to the surprising sophistication of the Eifel-Hunsrück culture, which peaked 350 BC.  Thereafter, there was a decline, which may be related to changes in climate and to roaming Germanic tribes that invaded and clashed with the local population.

 

Pictures from the Druidenstein area 9/2007
 

 

 

 

Speculation

 The name Druidenstein means "rock of the druid" and it has been speculated that this area was used for ceremonial activities by Druids.

References

 

 

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last edited: 12/02/2007