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The Goloring

What is the Goloring?

 

 

Digital Surface Model of the Goloring, original can be found here

The Goloring is a cultural, spiritual, legal, and social monument of iron age era, which dates back to the Urnfield culture (1200-800 B.C.).  During this time a widespread solar cult existed in Central Europe.

The name "Golo"-ring dates back to the Genovefa Legend, which was first written down in 1472 but probably dates back to the time of the Crusades.

The Goloring consists of a circular ditch of 175 meters of diameter with an outside embankment extending to 190 meters.  The outside embankment is approx. 7 meters wide and 80 cm high. The ditch has an upper width of 5-6 meters and is approx. 80 cm deep. In the interior one can find a roughly round earth platform, which rises 1 - 1.5 meters high.  It was stacked up and has a diameter of 95 meters.  In the middle of this earth platform remnants of a 50 cm thick wooden posts were excavated, which is thought to have been about 8 - 12 meter high.

The Goloring is thought to be one of the most significant Celtic cultural relics in central Europe.  It is often compared to Stonehenge in England.

Interestingly, its diametric proportions are quite similar to that of the famous Stonehenge monument.

Where to find the Goloring?


Goloring, Kobern, Germany

The Goloring can be found near Koblenz, Germany.  It is located within the boundaries of a former military dog training camp, but was acquired by the town of Kobern-Gondorf in June of 2004.

The Goloring is generally not accessible to the public, because it is enclosed by a fence during the extensive excavations that are ongoing.  However, there are several regularly scheduled educational walks organized by local communities.  More information may be obtained here.

There are efforts under way to add the Goloring to the Eifelpark and make it a regional park.  The Goloring e.V. has been active in promoting the importance of this monument.

Moreover, there are now several groups (links below) that are working to make this monument accessible to the general public.

 

History of and Questions about the Goloring

As with the Henge types on the British island different graveyards with the so-called hill graves surround the Goloring.  

The parallels to Stonehenge (the oldest arrangement with the so-called Aubry holes) suggest that the Goloring was used for the prediction of the summer solstice and light / dark cycles.

The Goloring was located in an area previously used by the military as a quarantine station for dogs, which may explain its excellent state.

Some have pointed to the links between the Goloring and spiritual practices of the Pre-Christian and Viking Age North (see here).

Several questions have been raised about the Goloring:

  • What did the operators of the Goloring (Druiden) know about  celestrial mechanics? 

  • Did they  know the arrangement in Stonhenge? 

  • Did they  know the interchanges of the lunar orbit and solar road?  

  • Was the movement of the celestrial intersections known to you within 18.61 years by the zodiac? 

  • Were there arrangements at the Goloring (like the Aubry holes in Stonehenge, or bearing sticks, bearing stones) to determine the regulation of darkness, possibly in the internal ditch edge? 

  • Why is the Goloring at this geographic location? 

Pictures of the Goloring

Goloring: a circular ditch surrounded by an outer and inner wall
The Goloring consists of a circular ditch with a diameter of 175 Meters (574 feet), which is surrounded by an outer and inner wall (Sarsen circle).  Its outer wall has a diameter of 190 Meters (623 feet). The outer wall is approximately 7 Meters (23 feet) wide and 80 cm (2.6 feet) high.  The ditch is about 5-6 Meters (18 feet) wide and 80 cm deep. 

The Goloring is located along the A48 Autobahn, which has been used as a traffic route even dating back to the Urnfield era.

In the center of the Goloring is a plateau.  In the center of the plateau, investigators discovered a hole, which is thought to have contained a center pole.

The archaeological and scientific investigation of the Goloring has been limited.  Most notably, two individuals, Dr. Josef Röder and Dr. Wolfgang Zäck, have written about the role of the Goloring and its role in the local culture and regional Celtic culture.   However, the precise role of the Goloring is not known and many of the written accounts filled with speculations due to the lack of written history. 

Dr. Röder investigated the Goloring between 1940-48 and wrote a book about it entitled "The Goloring   An iron-temporal sanctum of the Henge character in the Koberner Forrest", which is currently out of print.  I have roughly translated portions of it (see here), which were available in German on the web here.

Goloring: picture from center plateau towards East at approximately 7:10 am

Goloring: why the circle?

Goloring: another segment of the circular ditch, both walls are covered by trees. It is thought that the Goloring was a meeting place of druids (Celtic religious and cultural leaders).  During these meetings druids conducted both religious and secular meetings to settle legal disputes or determine seeding and harvesting times.

Dr. Röder  proposed that the function of the circular enclosure of the plateau was to "cut out a piece of land from the profane to make it holy".  Thus, creating the separation between the every-day outside and the refuge of the holy inside.

In comparison, Dr. Zäck speculates that the Goloring is a giant solar clock, which is used to help identify dates for optimal seeding and harvesting.  Dr. Zäck has detailed his account and interpretation of the Goloring in the book: "Wirf deinen Schatten, Sonne: Essay zur Zeitmessung an Karmelenberg und Goloring", which is currently out of print.

Goloring: picture of center plateau with small pole indicating the likely location of the center pole.

Goloring: because the area surrounding the Goloring is forested now (but presumably was bare at the time of the Celtic cultural activities), one cannot see towards the South-East from the plateau.  This picture was taken next to the Goloring site facing South-East.

New Photos from the Goloring (Spring 2006) - Change is coming!

Goloring2006_1.JPG (124512 bytes)

Goloring2006_2.JPG (135938 bytes)

Goloring2006_3.JPG (116835 bytes)

Goloring2006_4.JPG (92128 bytes)

Goloring2006_5.JPG (138029 bytes)

Goloring2006_6.JPG (100044 bytes)

 

A short MPEG taken from the elevated platform in the center of the Goloring

(be careful this is a 25 Mbyte file)

 

Links and Websites that write about the Goloring

 

The Goloring by Josef Röder [rough translation in English]

 

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last edited: 12/02/2007